司卫国, 文旭. 现代汉语动词拷贝构式形成的理据考辨[J]. 外国语, 2024, 47(3): 53-62.
引用本文: 司卫国, 文旭. 现代汉语动词拷贝构式形成的理据考辨[J]. 外国语, 2024, 47(3): 53-62.
SI Weiguo, WEN Xu. The Motivations of the Modern Chinese Verb-Copying Construction[J]. Journal of Foreign Languages, 2024, 47(3): 53-62.
Citation: SI Weiguo, WEN Xu. The Motivations of the Modern Chinese Verb-Copying Construction[J]. Journal of Foreign Languages, 2024, 47(3): 53-62.

现代汉语动词拷贝构式形成的理据考辨

The Motivations of the Modern Chinese Verb-Copying Construction

  • 摘要: 动词拷贝构式具有鲜明的汉语特色和语言类型特征,在现代汉语语法研究中占据着重要位置,是各大语言学流派研究的重要议题。以往研究在动词拷贝构式的描写上做了大量工作,并达成一定程度的共识,但在解释上仍存在较大分歧。本文从构式语法视角对该构式做进一步探索,旨在提供一种更具针对性和认知现实性的解释。研究发现,动词拷贝构式的形成不仅会受语言因素管控,还会受非语言因素制约。语言理据和非语言理据协同运作,共同促成该构式的产生与使用。

     

    Abstract: The verb-copying construction is a particular type in modern Chinese, which occupies an important position in Chinese grammar and has attracted wide attention among scholars. Previous studies have done much work on its description and have reached some consensus, but there are still limitations in its explanation. This paper further explores the verb-copying construction from a construction grammar perspective, intending to provide a more focused and cognitively realistic explanation. It is found that the formation of the verb-copying construction is governed by both linguistic and non-linguistic factors. Linguistic motivations and non-linguistic motivations both play a role in its emergence and usage.

     

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