陆志军, 石定栩. 反问标记与背景命题——“哪”字反问句的句法语义分析[J]. 外国语, 2024, 47(2): 50-59.
引用本文: 陆志军, 石定栩. 反问标记与背景命题——“哪”字反问句的句法语义分析[J]. 外国语, 2024, 47(2): 50-59.
LU Zhijun, SHI Dingxu. Rhetorical Markers and Background Propositions——The Syntax−Semantic Analysis of Chinese na[J]. Journal of Foreign Languages, 2024, 47(2): 50-59.
Citation: LU Zhijun, SHI Dingxu. Rhetorical Markers and Background Propositions——The Syntax−Semantic Analysis of Chinese na[J]. Journal of Foreign Languages, 2024, 47(2): 50-59.

反问标记与背景命题“哪”字反问句的句法语义分析

Rhetorical Markers and Background PropositionsThe Syntax−Semantic Analysis of Chinese na

  • 摘要: 本文拟从句法—语义接口来解释“哪”字反问句所体现的结构形式与深层表达之间的错配现象。言者在会话言谈中使用“哪”字反问句表达对背景命题内容感到惊讶,同时使用本句命题表达出否定断言的言外语力。“哪”字的句法环境(语调是非问句)表达疑问语力,但是“哪”字反问句却表达否定断言的言外语力。这种语力转换的词法因素是“哪”的强否定极性,而句法因素则是“哪”字的强否定极性所触发的去Q化、隐性移位以及言外否定断言三种依存性。

     

    Abstract: This thesis attempts to explain the mismatch between the structural form and its deep expression exhibited by na rhetorical questions from the syntax-semantic interface. The speaker uses the na rhetorical question in conversation to express the mirativity toward the background proposition of the question, and then uses the local proposition to express the illocutionary negative assertion. The syntactic environment (intonational yes-no questions) of na rhetorical questions expresses the interrogative force, but the na rhetorical questions express the illocutionary negative assertion. The lexical factor of this force shift is na’s strong negative polarity, but its syntactic factor is the three dependencies triggered by na’s strong negative polarity: de-Q operation, covert movement and illocutionary negative assertion.

     

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