刘苹. 预设数词的类型学考察[J]. 外国语, 2024, 47(3): 27-39.
引用本文: 刘苹. 预设数词的类型学考察[J]. 外国语, 2024, 47(3): 27-39.
LIU Ping. A Typological Study of Overcounting Numerals[J]. Journal of Foreign Languages, 2024, 47(3): 27-39.
Citation: LIU Ping. A Typological Study of Overcounting Numerals[J]. Journal of Foreign Languages, 2024, 47(3): 27-39.

预设数词的类型学考察

A Typological Study of Overcounting Numerals

  • 摘要: 本文对世界语言预设数词的形态构成、分布情况、组合语义、语序关联和历时发展进行类型学分析和动因解释。文章结合大量语言事实考察65种世界语言预设数词的跨语言分类和分布状况后发现,不同语言预设数词的组合语义既有共性也有个性,其内部成分语序与所在语言的基本语序具有一定关联倾向,其历时发展呈现出四种不同模式,预设数词的产生、形态类型和历时发展各有多重动因。

     

    Abstract: This paper conducts a typological analysis of overcounting numerals across world languages, examining their structure, distribution, compositional meaning, word order correlations and diachronic development. Drawing on extensive data from 65 languages, it identifies universals and differences in their compositional meanings, investigates correlations of their internal orders with general word order patterns, and identifies four diachronic development trends, along with factors causing their emergence, evolution and morphological variations.

     

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